Palladium, member of the distinguished group of noble metals, was discovered in 1802 by William Hyde Wollaston. Wollaston named the precious metal for the asteroid "Pallas" that appeared in the early summer of the same year. These days palladium is most commonly used in jewelry as an alloy in white gold, however, during the second World War the use of platinum was widely restricted and palladium - with it's natural white color - was used in its stead. This vintage wedding band is fashioned in palladium with six .07ct transitional cut diamonds.
ART DECO (1915 – 1940)
Art Deco is highly recognizable for its minimalism and futurism. Simultaneous art movements—Cubism, Bauhaus—informed the geometric style, along with “exotic” foreign influences like the Ballet Russe. Motifs like ziggurats and sunbursts, stripped of visual clutter, conveyed the optimism of an increasingly technological world.
In jewelry, the predominant use of white metals let colorful gems take center stage. Stones that were opaque and true in color, like lapis lazuli, onyx, jade, coral, and opal were worked into designs alongside more precious and brilliant gems, like diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. Extra-long beaded necklaces and tasseled “sautoirs” followed the narrow flapper silhouette.
The baguette cut was an Art Deco innovation, and the decade saw increased use of other angular diamond cuts, like the precise caliber cut and the emerald cut. Synthetic gems, like sapphires, were celebrated as a scientific marvel. Marcel Tolkowsky, 21 years old at the time, published the design for the round brilliant cut in 1919.