Aquamarine derives it's name from the Latin aqua marinus,
meaning "sea water". In Ancient Greece, the stone was aligned with the god of the sea, Poseidon. Aquamarine amulets carved with an image of the deity were often carried by sailors as protective talismans on ocean voyages. According to the New Age school of thinking, aquamarine is believed to open channels of communication and promote peace and harmony. This 1920s cluster ring is fashioned in 18k white gold and platinum with a lovely pale 1.73ct oval aquamarine set within a halo of old European cut diamonds.
ART DECO (1915 – 1940)
Art Deco is highly recognizable for its minimalism and futurism. Simultaneous art movements—Cubism, Bauhaus—informed the geometric style, along with “exotic” foreign influences like the Ballet Russe. Motifs like ziggurats and sunbursts, stripped of visual clutter, conveyed the optimism of an increasingly technological world.
In jewelry, the predominant use of white metals let colorful gems take center stage. Stones that were opaque and true in color, like lapis lazuli, onyx, jade, coral, and opal were worked into designs alongside more precious and brilliant gems, like diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. Extra-long beaded necklaces and tasseled “sautoirs” followed the narrow flapper silhouette.
The baguette cut was an Art Deco innovation, and the decade saw increased use of other angular diamond cuts, like the precise caliber cut and the emerald cut. Synthetic gems, like sapphires, were celebrated as a scientific marvel. Marcel Tolkowsky, 21 years old at the time, published the design for the round brilliant cut in 1919.