The Ancient Egyptians used the serpent to denote royalty, the Romans employed it as representation of everlasting love, Hindus regard the snake as a symbol of desire. In more recent history, Prince Albert proposed to Queen Victoria with a snake ring set with an emerald. The queen set the bar for fashion in this period and, owing largely to Victoria's ring, serpent-themed jewelry was incredibly popular throughout the second half of the 19th century. Two snakes form this large 14k ring, their entwined bodies set with rose cut diamonds and pearls coil around a moonstone sugarloaf cabochon and symbolize an eternal life together. Interesting side note: sugar was not sold granulated in the 19th century, but rather in compact cylindrical loaves which would be shaved or scraped with a rasp to loosen the granules. These tall and slightly tapered cabochons are called "sugarloaf" because their shape resembles that of the Victorian sugar loaves.
VICTORIAN (1837 - 1901)
The Western world was thoroughly transformed during Queen Victoria’s epically long reign. New technology, urbanization, and industrialization created a middle class flush with disposable income, and for the first time, jewelry was mass-produced to sell to everyone.
The Victorians were avid consumers and novelty-seekers, especially when it came to fashion, and numerous fads came and went throughout the 19th century. In jewelry, whatever fashion choices Queen V. made reverberated throughout the kingdom. The Romantic period reflected the queen’s legendary love for her husband, Albert. Jewelry from this period featured joyful designs like flowers, hearts, and birds, all which often had symbolic meaning. The queen’s betrothal ring was made in the shape of a snake, which stood for love, fidelity, and eternity. The exuberant tone shifted after Prince Albert passed away in 1861, marking the beginning of the Grand Period. Black jewelry became de rigeur as the Queen and her subjects entered “mourning,” which at the time represented not just an emotional state, as we conceive of it today, but a specific manner of conduct and dress. She wore the color black for the remainder of her life, and we see lots of black onyx, enamel, jet, and gutta percha in the jewelry from this time. Finally, during the late Victorian period, which transitioned along with a rapidly changing world into the “Aesthetic Movemement”, there was a return to organic and whimsical motifs: serpents, crescent moons, animals, and Japonaisserie designed for the more liberated “Gibson Girl”.
During the second half of the 19th century, America entered the global jewelry market, with Tiffany and Co. leading the way. Lapidaries continued to perfect their techniques, and the old European cut emerged toward the end of the Victorian period. The discovery of rich diamond mines in South Africa made the colorless stones more accessible than ever before.